A colleague is working on English Historical Documents and came across the name of Godfrey of Boullion in the context of Caxton’s publications. In Caxton defends the historicity of King Arthur (1485), Caxton, in his preface to Malory’s King Arthur, outlines his “nine worthies” including Godfrey, “…whose acts and life I made a book for the excellent prince and king of noble memory King Edward IV.” We discussed why Godfrey was in the company of such other “worthies” as King Arthur, Julius Caesar, Alexander the Great, and Charlemagne.
Later the same day the IHR Director’s seminars listing was circulated and, you’ve guessed it, Godfrey appears again, this time in a seminar – Godfrey of Bouillon: the development of a First Crusade hero, c. 1100–1325.
The latest update to the Bibliography of British and Irish History, launched on 7 June 2011, contains 5,620 new records, bringing the overall total to 504,000. You can read more about the Bibliography here; subscribers and members of subscribing institutions can go straight to the Bibliography by visiting http://www.brepolis.net/ and clicking on ‘Enter databases’.
The Bibliography of British and Irish History was represented at a recent conference in Munich, hosted by the Bavarian State Library. This was the fourth conference in a series intended to promote co-operation among bibliographies covering history in some thirteen European countries. As well as interesting discussions on the pros and cons of licence fee and open access models for the publication of bibliographical databases, the conference addressed the idea of setting up a metasearch portal that would enable users to conduct simultaneous searches of the participating bibliographies. Contributions will be posted on the conference website as and when they become available.
The latest update to BBIH, launched on 7 February 2011, includes over 4,500 new records, nearly 2,000 of which describe books and articles published in 2010. The complete database now contains over 498,000 records. Improvements to the interface include an option, on the record view screen, to remove the classification details so as to give a more compact display.
We are delighted to announce that Professor Stephen Taylor of the University of Reading has taken over as Academic Editor of BBIH. His research focuses on the political and religious history of England in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and his work with online databases has included The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540-1835 and British State Prayers, Fasts and Thanksgivings, 1540s to 1940s; he also worked on the Royal Historical Society Annual Bibliographies of British and Irish History and on the Royal Historical Society Bibliography on CD-ROM which formed the foundation of the present database. Our previous Academic Editor, Dr Ian Archer, worked on the Bibliography for eleven years, and oversaw both the launch of the online Royal Historical Society Bibliography in 2002 and the transition to the new Bibliography of British and Irish History at the end of 2009. He will continue to act as a Literary Director of the RHS, and also as the early modern Section Editor of the Bibliography.
An update to the Bibliography of British and Irish History was released today. It includes over 5,000 new records, bringing the total number of records to 494,000. There are also some minor improvements to the online interface, and we are pleased to welcome two new section editors, Dr Beth Hartland and Dr Matthew Kelly, to our team. Please see our news page for more information.
World War II Quarterly has changed its name to Global War Studies: The Journal for the Study of Warfare and Weapons, 1919-1945. The latest issue contains an historiographical survey of the military aspects of Winston Churchill’s career and a section entitled New Research on the British Empire and the Second WorldWar edited by Ashely Jackson which includes articles on Anglo-American strategy, Anglo-Irish relations and neutrality, and the contribution of the West Indies to the war effort. Previous articles have included British appeasement policy and the military disaster in 1940 by Peter Neville and The BEF in Belgium and France, 10 May – 4 June 1940 by Julian Thompson.
Manchester University Press’s latest book in their Studies in Imperialism series is entitled Chocolate, women and empire: a social and cultural history by Emma Robertson. Surprisingly the first English book on chocolate was published in 1662 – The Indian nectar, or, a discourse concerning chocolata by physician Henry Stubbe. The book is discussed in C. F. Main, Henry Stubbe and the firs English book on chocolate, Journal of the Rutgers University Library, 23, 1960, p. 33-47. However, Thomas Gage devoted an entire chapter to chocolate in his Travail by sea and land, or, a new survey of the West Indias (1648) discussed in Edmund Campos, Thomas Gage and the English colonial encounter with chocolate, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 39:1, 2009, p. 183-200. Lowell Satre’s book Chocolate on trial: slavery politics and the ethics of business (Athens, Ohio University Press, 2005) includes chapters on Cadbury Bros v Standard Newspaper libel case and British involvement in the Portuguese chocolate trade 1910-14. The history of Cadbury is outlined inCadbury’s purple reign: the story behind chocolate’s best-loved brand (Chichester, John Wiley, 2008) by John Bradley, and its overseas investment outlined in Geoffrey Jones, Multinational chocolate: Cadbury overseas, 1918-39, Business History, 26:1, 1984, p. 59-76. Gillian Wagner discusses the Quaker families of household chocolate manufacturing firms, Fry, Rowntree, and Cadbury, and their philanthropic activities in The chocolate conscience (London, Chatto & Windus, 1987). A subject also covered by James Walvin in his The Quakers: money and morals (London, John Murray, 1997). While Mark Freeman and Jonathan Davies discuss the political involvement of the Rowntree family in A case of political philanthropy: the Rowntree family and the campaign for democratic reform, Quaker Studies, 9:1, 2004, p. 95-113. For social and gender aspects to chocolate manufacture see, Emma Robertson etal, Harmonious relations? Music at work in the Rowntree and Cadbury factories, Business History, 49:2, 2007, p. 211-34; or Robertson’s “It was just a real camaraderie thing”: socialising, socialisation and shopfloor culture at the Rowntree factory, York in Women and work culture: Britain c. 1850-1950 ed. Cowan and Jackson, p. 107-22. And to end on a sweet (!) note how about a very short 1934 film on the making of chocolates Sweets for the Sweet.