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Podcasts


Joaquim Nabuco, Abolitionism and the End of Slavery in Brazil

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Joaquim Nabuco, Abolitionism and the End of Slavery in Brazil
Leslie Bethell (KCL)
Latin American History seminar
19 February 2013

This is a guest post by Angie Goodwin, one of IHR Digital’s interns from the University of West Virginia.

Joaquim Nabuco

Joaquim Nabuco

How did the abolition movement in Brazil unfold?  Who were the key players? And why did it take an incredible amount of time to rid Brazil of slavery?  These questions are at the forefront of Dr. Bethell’s presentation.  The core of the abolitionist movement encircled one man, Joaquim Nabuco.  Bethell addresses the comparisons of Nabuco to Lincoln.  Both men extremely beneficial to the cause of freeing enslaved persons, but their paths were much different.  Dr.  Bethell’s examination of Nabuco’s life offers insight about slavery in Brazil and the long road to freedom.

In the mid 19th century slavery was still in full swing in the United States, Brazil, Cuba and Puerto Rico.  There were an estimated six million slaves within these areas.  It was difficult to get a precise number due to the amount of illegal methods being used to smuggle slaves.  Two issues come into play of why slavery lasted longer in the west, economics and racism.  The main cash crops (cotton, coffee, and sugar) grown in these areas were labour intensive.  Slave owners were willing to turn a profit by whatever means necessary.  Brazil was unique in the fact that unlike the United States the economic factors were the driving force.  Racism was a mute point as an overwhelming percentage of the population were those of colour or mixed identity.  Several attempts were made by the Emperor Dom Pedro to take steps toward freeing the slaves.  Each time the legislation was met with bitter resistance with no moral or social defence.  Money was the only agreement made by the conservatives pointing out that without the manpower the economy would collapse.

Slavery in Brazil (wikipedia)

Slavery in Brazil (wikipedia)

In an attempt to over ride parliament Dom Pedro created a new opening in government for a liberal candidate.  In 1879 Nabuco was elected on the platform of religious freedom; he would soon shift his attention to abolitionist movements.  He himself had been an enslaved person until the age of eight.  He had always had a soft heart for those in the same condition, but did not pursue the abolitionist cause until much later in life.  During his first term in office he submitted a modest bill (1880) that would allow for freedom with compensation to slave owners.  It fell through.  Nabuco had very little public support and felt it would be better to gain global opinion before trying to submit a new bill.  His travels abroad helped to cement his passion to crusade those affected by slavery.  He spent a significant amount of time in Europe especially in Great Britain.  Nabuco worked with the political elite using their insight and experience to devise a new plan of attack.   Nabuco’s intense expedition would come full circle only after several more attempts were made to move towards an agreement.  Finality on the matter came in May 1888, the Lei Aurea (Golden Law) was signed and the slaves in Brazil were free.  Nabuco continued working to secure rights for the newly freed people.  He would find more resistance as most of the abolitionist groups had given up the cause once the slaves were free.

To listen to this podcast click here.

Herr Winkelmeier, Tom Thumb and the Hilton Sisters: Uncovering the ‘freaks’ of the Wellcome Library

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Disability History Seminar
Ross MacFarlane (Wellcome Trust)
Herr Winkelmeier, Tom Thumb and the Hilton Sisters: Uncovering the ‘freaks’ of the Wellcome Library

This is a guest post by Charlotte De Val, one of IHR Digital’s interns from the University of Leicester.

Items belonging to General Tom Thumb from the V&A collection (wikipedia)

Items belonging to General Tom Thumb from the V&A collection (wikipedia)

The Wellcome Library, situated London, is one of the world’s major resources for the study of medical history. In this seminar Ross MacFarlane (Wellcome Trust) explores the nineteenth-century posters and hand bills advertising ‘freak shows’ in the ephemera collection. These advertisements are used to explore the representation of performers, the relationship they had with their ‘masters’, performer agency and disability terminology. The Wellcome Library has a particularly interesting context for these ‘freak shows’; while many collections, such as the V&A theatre archive, contextualise them under performance theatre, the Wellcome Library provides a fascinating medical approach.

Under this medical context, MacFarlane discusses nineteenth-century terminology (‘freak of nature’ etc.) and the modern descriptor ‘disabled’. In the 1980s, scholars re-assessed the phrase ‘freak of nature’; the social construction of the word ‘freak’ inherently considers the performers un-natural and therefore, they concluded, they are in fact ‘freak(s) of culture’.  As for the term ‘disabled’ (first used in reference to war victims), MacFarlane urges consideration in its application to ‘freak show’ performers, since some traits are not necessarily considered to be a disability and it has some problematic modern connotations. Such an approach to terminology came with the revision of the assumed victim/agent binary; while MacFarlane stresses that we must not wholly accept the ‘rosier’ picture revisionist history paints, he does provide evidence to complicate the assumed exploitation. Within the wider historiography, MacFarlane picks up his discussion with Richard Altick’s study, The Shows of London (1978), which identified the nineteenth-century shift in ‘freak shows’ from open-air shows in seasonal fairs to permanent urban establishments.

Phineas Taylor Barnum & Charles Sherwood Stratton (General Tom Thumb) c. 1850 (wikipedia)

Phineas Taylor Barnum & Charles Sherwood Stratton (General Tom Thumb) c. 1850 (wikipedia)

MacFarlane deliberately uses lesser-known performers and materials that have not yet been digitised to avoid familiarity. Amongst many small examples from the collection, the first performer discussed in depth is General Tom Thumb (born Charles Sherwood Stratton), who, having not grown since he was six months old, was signed by P.T. Barnum at the age of four. Analysing their performer/master relationship, MacFarlane addresses the problematic narrative presented in Barnum’s autobiography. Tom Thumb’s courtship and wedding with fellow performer Lavinia Warren is also given significant attention, as is the role of photography in the industry which juxtaposed normative images with extraordinary bodies.

Herr Winkelmeier, an Austrian ‘giant’, is MacFarlane’s second example. Giants were considered particularly exotic, which is evident in the use of foreign national dress, flags etc in advertisements. MacFarlane also discusses the contrasting careers of giants and midgets; while a giant’s height was the main attraction, midgets were taught to sing, dance and display other talents. Herr Winkelmeier advertisements also display the equal standing with other forms of entertainment, having appeared on a poster with comedian Harry Randall.

Finally, MacFarlane discusses conjoined twins Daisy and Violet Hilton. The Hilton Sisters, famed as the first surviving UK-born conjoined twins, gained considerable medical interest and therefore particularly appropriate within the context of the Wellcome Library. Furthermore, MacFarlane highlights the public interest in the sexuality and domesticity of conjoined twins; popular accounts of the Hilton Sisters (and other conjoined twins) often contained commentary on their sex lives.

In conclusion, MacFarlane returns to the transformation of ‘freak shows’ from outdoor entertainment to a respectable, permanent industry even appearing in films. By exploring advertisement methods, the proximity to other forms of entertainment and medical interest in the industry, MacFarlane aims to widen the discussion of issues that apply to ‘freak shows’ generally.

To listen to this podcast click here.

“Floundering in the Slough of Despond” – singleness, unfitness, and the British woman missionary in India, c.1920-1950

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“Floundering in the Slough of Despond” – singleness, unfitness, and the British woman missionary in India, c.1920-1950
Andrea Pass (University of Oxford)
Christian Missions in Global History
5 December 2012

This is a guest post by Charlotte De Val, one of IHR Digital’s interns from the University of Leicester.

By the early twentieth-century, single women dominated the British missionary enterprise in India. In a seminar from December 2012, Andrea Pass discusses her paper on the pressures, physical hardship and mental difficulties experienced by single women of the two leading Anglican missionary societies – the evangelical Church Mission Society (CMS) and the United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (SPG) – in the 1920s, 30s and 40s. Pass focuses on three key issues: the impact of pressure from work on the health of single women missionaries; the difficulties with relationships with colleagues and others; and the difficulties experienced due to challenges to their vocation. The reality of their educational, medical and evangelical service is at the heart of the seminar as Pass emphasises the extreme conditions and expectations of self-sacrifice in the missionary field.

The paper is based on the archives of the SPG in Oxford, the archives of the CMS at the University of Birmingham and the archives of St. Steven’s community in Delhi. A key problem with these sources is accessing women’s opinions on personal issues such as health and happiness. Though the most controversial content was either censored or never collected in official society reports, some controversial issues were recorded but not publicised, and some personal letters are also found in the archives. These personal letters are the most prominent material in the paper, and Pass uses them in conjunction with the official society papers to compare experiences and expectations.

Firstly, Pass explores the impact of illness on missionary work, and the frequency with which female missionaries suffered from nervous breakdown and exhaustion. At the centre of this discussion are the intertwined notions of physical and spiritual fitness. The title quote for this seminar is given as an example; the ‘slough’ in the pilgrim’s progress is reference to the ‘deep bog in which Christians sink due to the weight of sin and guilt’. Pass provides examples to show how physical illness could lead to feelings of spiritual inadequacy and, in reverse, feelings of spiritual inadequacy could lead to physical illness.

Miss Sigoruney Trask Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1869-1895 (wikipedia)

Miss Sigoruney Trask one of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1869-1895 (wikipedia)

The subject of relationship difficulties is divided between disputes and friendships. The vast majority of disputes on missions occurred between female colleagues and often were the result of generational tensions. The difficulties caused by friendships, however, are more complex. Pass discusses the exclusivity of friendships and the problems for newcomers as well as the more controversial friendships between missionaries and ‘outsiders’. Pass includes a detailed example of a missionary’s friendship with a Roman Catholic, Lady Alexandra Haley, to explore the issues these friendships could cause. Aside from the belief that it removed women from their missionary work, Pass introduces the medical and psychological discussion of ‘sexual starvation’ and ‘obsessive’ friendships; by the 1920s, she identifies, contemporary psychological vocabulary on ‘sexual starvation’ had percolated into missionary debate.

Finally, Pass discusses the challenges to the vocation of single women missionaries. Most prominent is the conflict of the missionary ‘calling’ with some other better fulfilment of their professional capabilities and familial responsibility – for example, marriage. Pass identifies the problems with conflicting ‘callings’ in the administrative defects of SPG and CMS and contemporary criticisms of the society for failing to address personal crisis. Personal conflicts between members of the societies’ staff are also discussed, as are the theological differences between SPG and CMS and the impact this had on the physical and mental wellbeing of single-women missionaries.

In conclusion, Pass emphasises the gruelling reality of the field which tested the missionaries’ declaration of purpose. In her final remarks, however, Pass is adamant that the negatives of women missionaries’ experiences should not be over-stressed; the majority of women chose to ‘soldier on’ in the faith that ‘out of despair came hope, out of darkness came light.’

To listen to this podcast click here.

History SPOT – Index to podcasts 2012-2013

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HISTSPOTIHRYesterday I uploaded the last podcasts from the 2012-13 session.  I’ll admit as soon as the last file went up I left the office in search of a much needed caffeine boost!  You might have noticed, but the last few days have been very busy with lots of podcasts appearing on the site all at once.  I’ve uploaded files from various conferences including this year’s Anglo-American on the topic of Food in History; the Materialities of Urban Life in Early Modern Europe interdisciplinary conference which looked into debates regarding the public, private, commercial, domestic and civic material cultures.  Then finally podcasts from the Mobilising London’s housing histories: the provision of homes since 1850 conference (click on the links to access these podcasts).  Lots of conferences, lots of seminars, a great swath of new content!

We now have 590 podcasts in total on History SPOT.  That’s no small number and has been achieved over a four year period, most of which have been created over the last year.  Of these the majority come from the IHR’s seminar programmes (now numbering 26 groups who have given podcasting a go!) and from 20 different conferences held by the IHR.  History SPOT is also home to a smattering of lectures, workshops and interviews all recorded as audio or video.

Below is a long list – or index – of all the podcasts that have been created this year.  Hopefully there will be something for everybody.  Personally one of my favourites was this year’s policy forum from the Anglo-American conference (see the third from top).  Some of the audio is a bit wonky as there was only one microphone but five speakers, yet the topic of discussion was highly interesting.  The title is perhaps misleading.  This ‘forum’ was all about the food industry in the present and how it will cope in the future with a rising population, threats of global warming, and (seemingly) no one prepared to deal head-on with the major issues facing us in terms of food production.   It was all a bit scary really.  As a result I might start looking into getting an allotment for when the world ends.

Also of note:

Wednesday, 3 April 2013

The Untold History of the United States

Oliver Stone and Peter Kuznick

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

From computers and history to digital history: a retrospective

Sir Roderick Floud (Gresham College), Professor Robert Shoemaker (Sheffield), and Dr Don Spaeth (Glasgow)

Tuesday, 13 November 2012

John Milton as a theorist of liberty

Professor Quentin Skinner (Queen Mary, University of London)

And finally, the podcasts from the Going Underground: Travel Beneath the Metropolis 1863-2013 conference which celebrated the 150th anniversary of the London Underground. 

This year I would also like to welcome the following seminars to History SPOT: Christian Missions in Global History; Disability History seminar; Gender and History in the Americas; Imperial and World History; London Group of Historical Geographers; Marxism in Culture; Modern French History; Modern German History; Oral History; Public History; and the Socialist History seminar.  Lots of groups have given podcasting a go this year.  As per usual we have also had podcasts from our staples including the Voluntary Action History seminar; Metropolitan History seminar; Digital History; British History in the Long Eighteenth Century; Latin American; and Archives & Society.

Index to all podcasts from the 2012-13 academic year (most recent at the top)

Friday, 12 July 2013

Famine is not the problem: an historical perspective

Cormac O’Grada (University College Dublin)

Friday, 12 July 2013

Moral economies and the cold chain

Susanne Friedberg (Dartmouth College)

Friday, 12 July 2013

The politics of food: past, present and future (Policy Forum)

Frank Trentmann (Birkbeck/Institute of Sustainable consumption, University of Manchester); David Barling (Centre for Food Policy, City University); Annabel Allott (Soil Association); Keir Waddington (University of Cardiff); Craig Sams (Green & Blacks)

Thursday, 11 July 2013

You Are What You Eat: Historical Changes in Ideas about Food and Identity

Steven Shapin (Harvard)

Thursday, 11 July 2013

Toward a historical dialectic of culinary styles

Ken Albala (University of the Pacific)

Thursday, 4 July 2013

Top Down/Bottom Up: Using oral history to re-examine government and other institutions

Donald A. Ritchie (Historian of the U.S. Senate)

Friday, 28 June 2013

Housing during the Great War

Jerry White (Birkbeck, University of London)

Friday, 28 June 2013

From ‘heroin’ to heroines: the Haggerston Estate

David Roberts (University College London)

Friday, 28 June 2013

Inequality and prejudice: New Commonwealth immigrants and the Committee on Housing in Greater London

Ruth Emsden (formerly London School of Economics)

Friday, 28 June 2013

Poor Irish communities’ experience of housing in London 1880-1914

Giulia Ni Dhulchaointigh (Trinity College, Dublin)

Friday, 28 June 2013

Listing social housing: Trellick Tower and Edenham Way by Erno Goldfinger

Emma Dent Coad (Independent scholar)

Friday, 28 June 2013

Location, location, location, the politics of space in an interwar metropolitan borough: the case of Islington

Tanis Hinchcliffe (Independent scholar)

Friday, 28 June 2013

Working class politics in London and land, planning and housing reform

Duncan Bowie (University of Westminster)

Friday, 28 June 2013

In conversation: Jay Kleinberg and Jessie Ramey on gender and social policy in the US, 1880-2000

Jay Kleinberg (Brunel) and Jessie Ramey (University of Pittsburgh)

Thursday, 27 June 2013

‘Miles of silly little dirty houses’: Victorian Battersea and the making of a working-class suburb

Colin Thom (Survey of London)

Thursday, 27 June 2013

One up one down: the London cottage flat

David McDonald (Victorian Society)

Thursday, 27 June 2013

‘Improved dwellings for the industrious classes’: H.A. Darbishire’s Peabody model and its relevance for contemporary housing

Irina Davidovici (Kingston University)

Thursday, 27 June 2013

What can we learn from housing history?

Andrew Saint (Survey of London)

Wednesday, 12 June 2013

‘Female agony and visionary experience: Jane Lead (1624-1704), her last days and its impact upon the Philadelphian Society, c. 1697-1704′

Ariel Hessayon (Goldsmiths)

Tuesday, 11 June 2013

Web Archives: A New Class of Primary Source for Historians?

Peter Webster (British Library) and Richard Deswarte (UEA)

Friday, 7 June 2013

‘Art’ with a Capital ‘A’ and the Practice of Community Art

Kate Crehan (City University of New York)

Wednesday, 5 June 2013

Domesticating medicine: medical technologies and the modern home

Roberta Bivins (University of Warwick)

Monday, 3 June 2013

Spectacular Bodies: The Swimsuit, Censorship and Hollywood

Ellen Wright (University of East Anglia)

Thursday, 30 May 2013

1820: disorder and stability in the United Kingdom

Malcolm Chase (Leeds)

Wednesday, 29 May 2013

Loose, Idle and Disorderly: Vagrant Removal in Late Eighteenth-Century Middlesex

Tim Hitchcock (Herts), Adam Crymble (King’s) and Louise Falcini (Reading)

Wednesday, 29 May 2013

The Audacity of Veracity – the Rev. Tiyo Soga’s role and part in the translation of the Bible into Xhosa

Jo Davis (University of South Africa)

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

From computers and history to digital history: a retrospective

Sir Roderick Floud (Gresham College), Professor Robert Shoemaker (Sheffield), and Dr Don Spaeth (Glasgow)

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

The summits of modern man: mountaineering after the Enlightenment

Peter Hansen (Worcester Polytechnic Institute, USA)

Thursday, 23 May 2013

A Plea for the Weak Against the Strong : l’anti-impérialisme d’Annie Besant (1847-1933)

Muriel Pécastaing-Boissière (Paris IV-Sorbonne)

Wednesday, 15 May 2013

Material Culture Panel: The Significance of Things.

Margot Finn (UCL) and John Styles (Hertfordshire)

Tuesday, 14 May 2013

The People of Medieval Scotland database: A prosopographical survey

Matthew Hammond

Tuesday, 14 May 2013

Chaos and Confusion? Record Systems in the Home Office prior to 1841

Chris Barnes

Monday, 13 May 2013

Michael Gove’s Island Story – why history teachers are up in arms

Andrew Stone

Wednesday, 8 May 2013

Healthy homes, healthy bodies in late Renaissance Italy

Sandra Cavallo and Tessa Storey (Royal Holloway, University of London)

Tuesday, 7 May 2013

Adaptees aux milieux canadiens-francais et catholiques: Educating Librarians to be Censors at the Universite de Montreal, 1937-61

Geoffrey Little (Concordia University Libraries)

Wednesday, 1 May 2013

The public history of Magna Carta

Justin Champion and Graham Smith

Tuesday, 30 April 2013

Of Imperial Centers and Edges: The Problem of the Atlantic (World) for Understandings of the Spanish Habsburg Empire

Alejandra Osorio (Wellesley)

Friday, 19 April 2013

Behind and within the wardrobe of Robert Dudley, early of Leicester (1532/3-1588)

Tracey Wedge (Southampton)

Friday, 19 April 2013

Production and the missing artefacts: candles in the early modern Scottish town

Aaron Allen (Edinburgh)

Friday, 19 April 2013

Paris and the court of Francis I

Glenn Richardson (St Mary’s University College, Twickenham)

Friday, 19 April 2013

Colour symbolism in the civic material culture of Renaissance Norwich

Victor Morgan (University of East Anglia)

Friday, 19 April 2013

Towards a geography of portraiture in Elizabethan and early Stuart England

Robert Tittler (Concordia)

Thursday, 18 April 2013

The Dutch Revolt as part of the urban memory landscape

Marianne Eekhout (Leiden)

Thursday, 18 April 2013

‘I know the lute’/'I know thee, lute’: musical instruments as domestic objects on the early modern stage

Simon Smith (Birkbeck, University of London)

Thursday, 18 April 2013

Including the kitchen sink: a lodging household in early seventeenth-century London

Mark Merry (Institute of Historical Research)

Thursday, 18 April 2013

Exercise in the early modern Italian city: health, objects and emotions

Tessa Storey (Royal Holloway, University of London)

Thursday, 18 April 2013

Constructing the material experience: a seventeenth-century trespass case from Sweden

Riitta Laitinen (Turku)

Thursday, 18 April 2013

Dispossession and material insecurity in the early modern city

Sara Pennell (Roehampton)

Wednesday, 17 April 2013

The ‘active lives’ of objects on the urban domestic scene: cross-referencing archaeological and iconographic sources in early modern Europe

David Gaimster (University of Glasgow)

Thursday, 11 April 2013

The English republican exiles in Europe

Gaby Mahlberg (Northumbria University)

Thursday, 4 April 2013

Les Juges Jugez, ses Justifians (1663) and Edmund Ludlow’s protestant network in seventeenth-century Switzerland

Gaby Mahlberg (Northumbria University)

Wednesday, 3 April 2013

The Untold History of the United States

Oliver Stone and Peter Kuznick

Thursday, 21 March 2013

‘Springing from the double head of Monarchy and Democracy’: The Persistence of Monarchical Republicanism and the Rise of Democracy in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

Rachel Hammersley (Newcastle)

Wednesday, 20 March 2013

History for citizens: the record of the historical profession in Britain

John Tosh (Roehampton)

Monday, 18 March 2013

The rehabilitation of Red Daisy the Countess of Warwick

Terry Ward

Wednesday, 13 March 2013

“Riding on Top of the Car”: The cinematic tram and urban transformation

Karolina Kendall-Bush (University College London)

Wednesday, 13 March 2013

Reading Lives of English Men and Women, 1695-1830

Polly Bull (Royal Holloway, University of London)

Tuesday, 12 March 2013

‘Unintended Consequences’: Digital reading and the loci of cultural change

Ben Schmidt (Princeton University)

Monday, 11 March 2013

A permanent environment of brightness, warmth and homeliness: children’s experiences of institutional care in the Waifs and Strays Society, 1881-1914

Claudia Soares (University of Manchester)

Monday, 11 March 2013

Labour and the Politics of Drink in Interwar Britain

Dr Peter Catterall (University of Westminster)

Friday, 8 March 2013

Writing a biography of a woman who made history

June Purvis (Portsmouth)

Friday, 8 March 2013

Life-writing, autobiography and fiction

Max Saunders (Centre for Life-Writing Research, King’s College London)

Friday, 8 March 2013

Biography (and biographers) in theory and in practice

Meg Jensen (Centre for Life Narratives at Kingston University)

Friday, 8 March 2013

The art of biography?

Hermione Lee (Centre for Life-Writing, Wolfson College, Oxford)

Wednesday, 6 March 2013

Whose house is it anyway? Public history and contemporary art in a Georgian home

Karen Harvey (University of Sheffield)

Tuesday, 5 March 2013

The Anarchist Movement in Argentina in International Perspective

Jose Moya (Columbia)

Saturday, 2 March 2013

The Dublin Lock-Out 100th Anniversary

John Newsinger (Bath) and others

Thursday, 28 February 2013

The East India Company at Home: Domestic Interiors, Public Histories and Material Cultures

Margot Finn (University College London)

Wednesday, 27 February 2013

The Ugly Renaissance

Alex Lee (Warwick)

Wednesday, 27 February 2013

‘For the benefit of example’: hanging felons at the scene of their crime in the long eighteenth century

Steve Poole (University of the West of England)

Wednesday, 27 February 2013

Auctions, maps, leases and “narrations” of property: representing commodified space in Delhi, 1911-47

Anish Vanaik (Oxford)

Tuesday, 26 February 2013

Exposing the Archives of White Australia

Tim Sherratt (Independent scholar)

Monday, 25 February 2013

Taking the Field: Telling the Stories of Grassroots Cricket

Dr Emma Peplow (London School of Economics)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Keynote speech on Why Material Culture?

Mark Jones (St Cross College, University of Oxford)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 4 – Trans-national connections

John McAleer (Southampton University)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 4 – Trans-national connections

Marta Ajmar (Victoria and Albert Museum)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 4 – Trans-national connections

Anne Gerritsen (University of Warwick)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 3 – Investigation, Interpretation and Dissemination of Material Culture

Nancy Bell (The National Archives)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 3 – Investigation, Interpretation and Dissemination of Material Culture

Lesley Miller (Victoria and Albert Museum)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 3 – Investigation, Interpretation and Dissemination of Material Culture

Hannah Greig (University of York)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 2 – Material Culture in a digital world

David Prytherch (University of Birmingham)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 2 – Material Culture in a digital world

Dinah Eastop (The National Archives)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 2 – Material Culture in a digital world

Glen Adamson (Victoria and Albert Museum)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 1 – The historical value of material culture

Evelyn Welch (Kings College London)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 1 – The historical value of material culture

John Styles (University of Hertfordshire)

Friday, 22 February 2013

Panel 1 – The historical value of material culture

David Gaimster (University of Glasgow)

Friday, 22 February 2013

01. Welcome and Introduction

Miles Taylor (IHR)

Wednesday, 20 February 2013

The Spirit of 1976: Commerce, Community, and the Politics of Commemoration

Tammy Gordon (Director of Public History, University of North Carolina, Wilmington)

Tuesday, 19 February 2013

Joaquim Nabuco, Abolitionism and the End of Slavery in Brazil

Leslie Bethell (KCL)

Wednesday, 13 February 2013

Whose Home? Jewish migration and local reaction in the East End of London 1870-1914

Oliver Betts (York)

Monday, 11 February 2013

African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence

Peter Dwyer (Ruskin)

Monday, 11 February 2013

‘The People’s Popular Emporium’: A Short History of Gamages of Holborn, Cycling and Athletic Outfitters, 1878-1935

Dr Geraldine Biddle-Perry (Central St Martins College of Art and Design)

Thursday, 7 February 2013

La régulation des pollutions à Londres au 18e siècle : perspectives comparatistes avec Paris

Thomas Le Roux (CNRS – Maison Française d’Oxford)

Thursday, 7 February 2013

‘My other mother’: Separated families and mourning as agency in narratives in the 1947 Indian partition

Anindya Raychaudhuri (University of St Andrews)

Tuesday, 5 February 2013

Seventeenth-Century Library Benefactors Books in Oxford Colleges: Some Examples and Some Uses

Dr William Poole (New College, Oxford)

Monday, 4 February 2013

A Jamaican Odyssey: Nancy Prince’s Travels to Jamaica in 1840

Beverley Duguid (Royal Holloway, University of London)

Wednesday, 30 January 2013

Protestant Missions, Progressivism and Global Modernity: The YMCA in China, 1895-1935

John Heavens (University of Cambridge)

Wednesday, 30 January 2013

The World is not Enough: Global History, Cotton Textiles and the Industrial Revolution

Giorgio Riello (University of Warwick)

Wednesday, 30 January 2013

The stormy latitude of the law: Chancery Lane and spatial politics in late eighteenth-century London

Francis Boorman (IHR)

Monday, 28 January 2013

Good Feeling and Brotherliness: Leisure, the Suburbs and the Society of Public Librarians in London, 1895-1930

Dr Michelle Johansen (Bishopsgate Institute)

Monday, 28 January 2013

La Bataille du Rail? New Interpretations of Cheminots in Vichy France

Ludivine Broch (Pears Institute for the Study of Anti-Semitism/Birkbeck)

Monday, 21 January 2013

Socialist Women and Women’s Liberation 1968-1982: An Oral History Approach

Sue Bruley (Portsmouth)

Friday, 18 January 2013

Movement, vision, Underground

Marko Jobst (University of Greenwich)

Friday, 18 January 2013

Tunnelling today for Crossrail tomorrow

Michael Hebbert (University College London)

Friday, 18 January 2013

Hitchcock’s Underground

David Pike (American University Washington)

Friday, 18 January 2013

A transatlantic connection: Philadelphia, London, and the urban transit at the turn of the twentieth century

Jim Wolfinger (DePaul University)

Friday, 18 January 2013

Crossing oceans to cross rivers: trans-Atlantic knowledge and capital in tunnelling history

Tim White (New Jersey City University)

Friday, 18 January 2013

The Underground above ground

Lucy Maulsby (Northeastern University Boston)

Friday, 18 January 2013

Training up the escalated body

Richard Hornsey (University of the West of England)

Friday, 18 January 2013

Electricity underground: the politics of a new technology in London and Paris at the turn of the twentieth century

Carlos Lopez Galviz (University of London)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

Pick’s posters and progress: a design strategy for the Underground

Oliver Green (Independent Scholar)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

Notes from the Underground: Seamus Heaney’s ‘District and Circle’

Tom Herron (Leeds Metropolitan University)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

Listening and sounding in the London Underground: sonic memories as embodiments of technological Infrastructure

Ximena Alarcon (University of the Arts)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

‘Stand clear of the doors, please’: an aural journey on the London Underground

Jacob Paskins (University of Cambridge)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

The advantage of a trip abroad. The emergence of architectural Modernism

Ulrike Weber (Technical University Kaiserslautern)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

The London Tube Map as a shared public diagram

Christoph Lueder (Kingston University)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

A job for life: changes seen in a 50-year career on London Underground, 1916-1966

Piers Connor (University of Birmingham)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

Class and commuting on the underground, 1863-1939

Simon Abernethy (University of Cambridge)

Thursday, 17 January 2013

Letting off steam: the perils and possibilities of underground travel in Victorian and Edwardian London

Richard Dennis (University College London)

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

A Sinew of Power? Ireland and the Fiscal-Military State, 1690-1782

Patrick Walsh (University College London)

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

‘Rolland, Gandhi and Madeleine Slade: Spiritual Politics, France and the Wider World’

Ruth Harris (Professor of European History and Fellow of New College, Oxford)

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

The rise and fall of John Sperni, Mayor of St Pancras 1937-1938

Robin Woolven

Monday, 14 January 2013

How the British Isles Became British: The Residential Class in Jersey, c. 1815-1850s

Robin Mills (University of Cambridge)

Monday, 14 January 2013

A Liberal Education for ‘Citizens’: The Case of the Working Men’s College (1854-1914 ca.)

Dr Marcella Sutcliffe (University of Cambridge)

Monday, 14 January 2013

The fraudster, his mistress and humanitarian fundraising in the 1890s: anticlericalism and the inheritance of Mgr Lavigerie

Bertrand Taithe (University of Manchester)

Wednesday, 9 January 2013

Sighs and settees: recovering the lost history of reading aloud in the eighteenth century

Abigail Williams (University of Oxford)

Tuesday, 8 January 2013

Mapping Everyday Life: Digital Harlem, 1915-1930

Stephen Robertson (University of Sydney)

Tuesday, 8 January 2013

La Dictablanda: Soft Authoritarianism in Mexico, 1940-1968

Ben Smith (Warwick)

Monday, 7 January 2013

Mistreated and Molested: Jailhouse Violence and the Civil Rights Movement

Althea Legal-Miller (Independent Scholar)

Thursday, 13 December 2012

Les gauches anglaises face au New Reading Public

Elen Cocaign (Paris 1)

Thursday, 13 December 2012

Liberating the Self: Epiphanies, conflict and coherence in the life stories of post-war British women

Lynn Abrams (University of Glasgow)

Monday, 10 December 2012

History of Riots project: research update

Keith Flett

Thursday, 6 December 2012

Sir Francis Walsingham in Paris and London

John Cooper (University of York)

Wednesday, 5 December 2012

Secularisation: Or Otherwise in Eighteenth-Century England?

Panel members: Penelope J. Corfield (Royal Holloway, University of London); Jeremy Gregory (University of Manchester); John Seed (Roehampton University).

Wednesday, 5 December 2012

The inter-war home: the design and decoration of the suburban house in England

Deborah Sugg Ryan (University of Falmouth)

Wednesday, 5 December 2012

Floundering in the Slough of Despond – singleness, unfitness, and the British woman missionary in India, c.1920-1950

Andrea Pass (University of Oxford)

Tuesday, 4 December 2012

An Ecology for Digital Scholarship

Jason M. Kelly (IUPUI)

Monday, 3 December 2012

Ladies, legislation and letters to Lester Pearson: policy and debates about married women’s right to work in Canada, 1945-1970

Helen Glew (University of Westminster)

Tuesday, 27 November 2012

Conceiving Freedom: Women and the Abolition of Slavery in Havana and Rio de Janeiro

Camillia Cowling (Edinburgh)

Monday, 26 November 2012

Shakespeare’s Local

Pete Brown

Thursday, 22 November 2012

British Politics in the Long Eighteenth Century: a Defense of Political History

Frank O’Gorman (Manchester)

Wednesday, 21 November 2012

Westminster as the seat of national government: the long view

Roland Quinault (IHR)

Tuesday, 20 November 2012

Using GIS to explore Historical Texts

Ian Gregory (Lancaster)

Tuesday, 20 November 2012

Unique and Distinctive Collections within University Libraries: Current RLUK Initiatives and Related Matter

Alison Cullingford (University of Bradford)

Monday, 19 November 2012

Advertising war: The Visual Imagery of Charity Campaigns in the First World War

Leanne Green (Manchester Metropolitan University)

Tuesday, 13 November 2012

Social Dissolution: A History of Article 145 of the Mexican Penal Code, 1941-1970

Halbert Jones (Oxford)

Tuesday, 13 November 2012

John Milton as a theorist of liberty

Professor Quentin Skinner (Queen Mary, University of London)

Monday, 12 November 2012

Georges Cheron and the 1936 Hotchkiss factory soviet

Chris Blakey

Monday, 12 November 2012

Converting Emotions: Possession and Power in Female Missionaries’ Writing about Native Converts

Angharad Eyre (Queen Mary, University of London)

Thursday, 8 November 2012

Harrington, the people and petitioning in 1659

Edward Vallance (University of Roehampton)

Wednesday, 7 November 2012

Sanctifying the street: urban space, material religion and the G.F. Watts mosaic ‘Time, Death and Judgement’ in London, c.1880-1970

Lucie Matthews-Jones (Liverpool John Moores)

Wednesday, 7 November 2012

Glad to be gay behind the wall: gay and lesbian activism in 1970s East Germany

Dr Josie McLellan (University of Bristol)

Wednesday, 7 November 2012

Consumer non-choices in the eighteenth century home

Conor Lucey (University College Dublin)

Wednesday, 7 November 2012

Negotiating the past: Collaborative practice in cultural heritage research

Professor Alison Wylie (University of Washington)

Wednesday, 7 November 2012

What’s in a Name?: The ‘Conversation’ Piece in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Kate Retford (Birkbeck, University of London)

Tuesday, 6 November 2012

Computer-Assisted Review

Kirsten Ferguson-Boucher (University of Aberystwyth)

Monday, 5 November 2012

“The Drab Suburban Streets Were Metamorphosed into a Veritable Fairyland”: Spectacle, Ritual and Festivity in the Ilford Hospital Carnival, 1905-1914?

Dion Georgiou (Queen Mary, University of London)

Tuesday, 30 October 2012

Rent versus Production: Political Economy and Economic Culture in Venezuela, 1830-2010

Sarah Washbrook (Manchester)

Thursday, 25 October 2012

Mysticism and the Meaning of Seventeenth-Century Religious Radicalism in the British Isles

Sarah Apetrei (Keble College, Oxford)

Wednesday, 24 October 2012

Profiling Irish Crime in London, 1801-1820

Adam Crymble (King’s College, London University)

Wednesday, 24 October 2012

Latin America, modern architecture and the poor

Felipe Hernandez (Cambridge)

Tuesday, 23 October 2012

Exploring Participatory Approaches to Archives

Dr Andrew Flinn (UCL) and Anna Sexton (UCL)

Tuesday, 23 October 2012

Quantifying the Language of British Politics, 1880-1914

Luke Blaxill (King’s College London)

Monday, 22 October 2012

Football Statues: Honouring Heroes by Branding in Bronze?

Dr Chris Stride and Ffion Thomas (University of Sheffield)

Monday, 22 October 2012

The new leisure, voluntarism and well-being in inter-war Britain

Dr Bob Snape (University of Bolton)

Thursday, 18 October 2012

Internet et bases do donnees: la recherche sur l’histoire britannique a l’ere numerique

Emmanuelle de Champs (Paris 8 – Vincennes – Saint-Denis)

Tuesday, 16 October 2012

Embodying Race in Colonial Spanish America

Rebecca Earle (Warwick)

Monday, 15 October 2012

Reshaping the past: the lingering colonial present

Tom Bentley (University of Sussex)

Monday, 15 October 2012

Retranslating Victor Serge’s Memoirs of a Revolutionary

George Paizis (UCL)

Wednesday, 10 October 2012

Mission studies and historical research: past trends and future trajectories

Brian Stanley (University of Edinburgh)

Wednesday, 10 October 2012

A history of urban space: changing concepts of space in the study of the early modern metropolis

Stuart Minson (Oxford)

Tuesday, 9 October 2012

Rethinking Historical Research in the Digital Age: A TEI Approach

Camille Desenclos (Enc, Sorbonne)

Tuesday, 9 October 2012

From classification to network analysis: the Burlington Magazine Online Index

Barbara Pezzini

Wednesday, 3 October 2012

The discourse of practice: continuity and change in early modern domestic cultures

Anthony Buxton (University of Oxford)

Tuesday, 2 October 2012

From Marx to Metrics in Latin America’s Economic History

John Coatsworth (Columbia)

Monday, 1 October 2012

Cigars and Politics: An Intersectional and Transnational Approach to Cuban Women’s Immigration and Work in the United States, 1880-2000

Jay Kleinberg (Brunel University)

Saturday, 15 September 2012

Publishing our Research

Elizabeth Williamson (VCH, IHR); Alan Crosby (Editor, The Local Historian)

Saturday, 15 September 2012

New Resources

Arthur Burns (King’s College London)

Saturday, 15 September 2012

Communications

Matt Phillpott (IHR); Stuart Bligh (Kent Archives); Christine Woodland

Tuesday, 4 September 2012

Doing History in Real Time

Professor William J. Turkel (University of Western Ontario)

‘My other mother’: Separated families and mourning as agency in narratives in the 1947 Indian partition

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‘My other mother’: Separated families and mourning as agency in narratives in the 1947 Indian partition
Oral History seminar
7 February 2013
Anindya Raychauduri (St Andrews)

This is a guest post by Charlotte De Val, one of IHR Digital’s interns from the University of Leicester.

 

As many as 15 million people crossed the borders that were created in the 1947 partition of India and Pakistan. Aside from the major political impact this had nationally and world-wide, the partition transformed families physically and emotionally. In February 2013, Anindya Raychauduri delivered a lecture on the separation of families and the agency of mourning in partition narratives. Following current historiographical trends, the project is interdisciplinary; oral history narratives, literature and cinema are studied together to identify the lasting impact of familial trauma and the areas in which it is most pronounced.

migration into Pakistan (1947) (wikipedia)

migration into Pakistan (1947) (wikipedia)

From the total eighty-five interviews conducted by February 2013, five are used in the lecture, and these are used to discuss various issues, including the representation of partition through the disintegration of the family. Familial decline and the disintegration of the stable family-based community it also explored; Raychauduri discusses this with particular reference to the famous partition short-story – Toba Tek Singh – which, published in 1955, follows Lahore asylum inmates through their transfer to India, and the 1973 film Garma Hava (Scorching Wind).

The use of literature and cinema is particularly useful in the discussion of public discourse, where the family is used as a metaphor to depict the trauma of partition.  Raychauduri observes that the memories of individual family members in the oral narratives were female; the issue of gender is central to the memory of partition, where the ‘lone woman’ was an iconic symbol of suffering. Women were disproportionately affected by partition, and over 75,000 women were abducted, raped and/or forced to covert religion. While recognising this disproportion, Raychauduri confronts the problems with appropriating women’s trauma to reflect the wider trauma of partition; the discourse appropriates women’s victimhood to represent the entire nation which reduces women to symbolic victims, and thus robs them of agency.

Finally, Raychauduri addresses agency and mourning using the films Garm Hava and Khamosh Pani to expose the tropes of female victimhood. The value of an interdisciplinary approach is particularly evident in the discussion of the politics of subtitling, where female agency is particularly manipulated and mis-represented. Raychauduri concludes that women must be viewed not just as victims, but as active agents who often found ways of exerting agency even when they were often alienated. With respect to his approach, Raychauduri asserts that the strength of history is in its ‘multi-layered interpretation’; the collective use of cinematic and literary sources with oral narratives can provide insights into the individual, collective and national trauma of the 1947 partition, while exposing problematic representations and appropriations.

To listen to this podcast click here.

Of Savages and Sailors: British Consular Contacts with the Mapuche of Chile during the 1820s-1830s

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Of Savages and Sailors:  British Consular Contacts with the Mapuche of Chile during the 1820s-1830s
Latin American History
10 January 2012
Manuel Llorca (Universidad de Chile)

This is a guest post by Angie Goodwin, one of IHR Digital’s interns from the West Virginia University.

MapucheDr Manuel Llorca (University of Chile) presents his findings on a rare subject of history; the relationship between the Mapuche of Chile and British sailors.  The lecture is based on a series of governmental documents and maritime logs, letters and diaries.  Llorca’s intent is to give an explanation about the evolution and importance of the Mapuche and European relations.  The lecture presented gives a wider audience for study and further understanding of the inhabitants of the area.

The Mapchue natives are hypothesized to belong to the Arawak Indians from the Amazon region that migrated throughout South America and the Caribbean Islands.  The Spanish were the first Europeans to surmount the region; they easily dominated most native tribes that stood in their path of conquest.  The Mapuche proved to be more of a challenge than some of the other tribes.  Their extensive knowledge of the diverse terrain proved to be their greatest assets.  The Spanish and Mapuche attempted several treaties over the three hundred years of fighting.  All treaties were to no avail until 1810 and the long awaited Chilean Independence.  The Mapchue’s ordeal with the Spanish made them to be cautious and even aggressive toward any outsider entering tribal territory.

The Mapchue found a commonality with one group of Europeans, the British.  They both needed the Spanish out of theArauco War way for political and economic reasons.  From this common ground they built a working relationship.  The southern outpost of Concepcion was a port of call for many seafaring men.  Those who would founder on a reef or be over thrown by the vicious weather of the South Seas would find themselves beyond rescue.  The men would fall to the elements, starvation or at the hands of the natives.   After Chile received its independence the demeanor of the Mapuche began to slowly shift from hostile to amiable.  The British population grew and in 1823 the first consular was appointed in the city of Concepcion.  In order to maintain this bridge of unity between the British and Mapchue a trade system was established.   For all stranded sailors returned the Mapuche received goods from the British.   Because of the assistance of the Mapchue the survival rate climbed for those shipwrecked and stranded.

To listen to this podcast click here.

 

The speaker has also published this paper as an article: see here for details.

Food in History – Anglo-American conference 2013 Day 2 podcasts

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AACH13-blog-banner-v21

Day two of the 82nd Anglo-American conference of Historians continued the wide-ranging discussion of food throughout history.  From the second day we recorded two plenary talks and a lunch time policy forum.  These are now available as podcasts on History SPOT.

Policy Forum: The politics of food: past, present and future
Chair: Frank Trentmann (Birkbeck/Institute of Sustainable consumption, University of Manchester)
David Barling (Centre for Food Policy, City University)
Annabel Allott (Soil Association)
Keir Waddington (University of Cardiff)
Craig Sams (Green & Blacks)
 
Susanne Friedberg (Dartmouth College): Moral economies and the cold chain
 
Cormac O’Grada (University College Dublin): Famine is not the problem: an historical perspective
 

All podcasts from the plenary sessions of the Anglo-American conference are available on History SPOT under the Anglo-American Food in History section.  For more information about the conference see our Anglo-American conference website.

Food in History – Anglo-American conference 2013 Day 1 podcasts

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AACH13-blog-banner-v21Day one of the 82nd Anglo-American conference of Historians is now over and has already produced a lot of debate and discussion.  The topic this year is food in history and we have two plenary sessions for you as podcasts.  These are fascinating talks by two scholars uniquely qualified to talk on the subject.

First up was Ken Albala (University of the Pacific).  His talk was a proposal for a unified theory of culinary evolution for the past 2,500 years.   At the beginning of his talk he noted that he would be attempting to explain why there appears to be a recurring osculation between two fundamentally opposed aesthetics to food; periods focused on elite cooking verses periods focused on simple rustic fair.

The second plenary produced today as a podcast was by Steven Shapin (Harvard).  Shapin talks about the saying ‘you are what you eat’ and how understanding of what this means has not only existed throughout time, but has radically changed as well.  As someone in the audience said at the end, today it’s not always what you eat that shapes who you are, but what you don’t eat.  Never in the past has this been the case.

To listen to these podcasts click on the link below:

Ken Albala (University of the Pacific), Toward a historical dialectic of culinary styles

Steven Shapin (Harvard), You Are What You Eat: Historical Changes in Ideas about Food and Identity

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In addition, I attended Steven Shapin’s talk yesterday afternoon.  Below is a link to the Tweets that I and others in the audience put up during the session.  It gives a good bullet point list of Shapin’s arguments.

[View the story "Food in History - Steven Shapin (Harvard), You Are What You Eat: Historical Changes in Ideas about Food and Identity" on Storify]

Also check out the Anglo-American conference website.

Food in History – Anglo-American conference 2013

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AACH13-blog-banner-v21The 82nd Anglo-American conference of historians starts today.  This is a busy time for the IHR, the culmination of all of this year’s events rolled into a three day conference.  This year the topic is food and I therefore feel that it right that I should be writing this blog post with a bag of crisps by my side.  There are a few constants in human history and eating is one of them.  This conference looks at food in terms of famine and feast, riots, cookery books and programmes, diets, religion, politics, and much more besides.

If you are unable to attend this conference but are interested in it, then the IHR can offer you various online resources, which are listed below.

Food in History website and blog here you will find the conference programme and blog entries about food in history. 

Reviews in History as per usual the IHR will be providing book reviews on the theme of the conference.

Podcasts – From tomorrow (Friday 12 July 2013) History SPOT will be host to podcasts from the plenary talks of the conference.

Electricity Underground: the politics of a new technology in London and Paris at the turn of the twentieth century

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Going Underground: Travel Beneath the Metropolis 1863-2013
18 January 2013
Carlos López Galviz
Electricity Underground: the politics of a new technology in London and Paris at the turn of the twentieth century

800px-Electric_railway_train

Abstract: Using electricity in railway operation became a real option towards the end of the nineteenth century. Cities were, generally, the main recipients and instigators of its introduction as the new technology was to help alleviate the often insufficient provision of means of urban transport. A clear contrast would emerge between London and Paris in terms of how the new technology was introduced around this time. In Paris, electric traction was a structural part of the conception and construction of the Métropolitain. To a large extent the city railway network was the result of the possibilities the new technology provided. In London, the introduction of electricity was also a matter of whether and how to transfer from one technology to another as the steam-operated lines of the Metropolitan and District had been open to passenger services since the 1860s. By the 1890s, when the City and South London (later part of the Northern Line) began operating the first section of its line, electric traction demonstrated the possibilities but also the difficulties inherent in the adoption of the new technology. The transformation was gradual, irregular, and subject to conditions which obstructed rather than facilitated the design of a system such as the one built in Paris. The introduction of electric traction in the operation of city railways was largely the result of the political and business cultures inherent in two different contexts: whereas competition and the business interests seemed to predominate in London, the definition of the public interest would become the most significant condition prior to the execution of any plan in Paris.

 

Biography: Carlos is an architect and historian with experience conducting academic and applied research in urban and rural sustainable planning, comparative metropolitan history and the sociology of everyday life. His DPhil thesis (University of London, 2009) looked at the transformation of London and Paris between c.1830 and 1910 through the lens of the Underground and the Métro. The monograph Cities, Railways, Modernities: London, Paris and the Nineteenth Century (in preparation) draws partly on this and expands on the issues around traffic congestion and liberal governmentality. He is Adjunct Lecturer at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, Dartmouth College and the University of Southern California.

To listen to this podcast click here.

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