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Historical Research


New Historical Research articles

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Humanitarian assistance during the Rif War (Morocco, 1921–6): the International Committee of the Red Cross and ‘an unfortunate affair by Pablo La Porte

This article focuses on the role of the International Committee of the Red Cross (I.C.R.C.) in the Rif War (Morocco, 1921–6) and places humanitarian action in three inter-related contexts: the complexity of the international scenario after the First World War, the institutional architecture of the Red Cross and the developments in international humanitarian law. Challenging simplistic approaches to an otherwise historically overlooked affair, the article argues that the rather undignified role of the I.C.R.C. during the conflict was a result both of Eurocentric assumptions and international manipulation.

Liberal Unionism and political representation in Wales, c.1886–1893 by Naomi Lloyd-Jones

This article reassesses the history of Liberal Unionism in Wales and the impact the Irish Home Rule crisis had on constituency politics. Liberal associations played a crucial role in the revolt against ‘dissentient’ M.P.s, whom they charged with ‘misrepresenting’ constituency opinion (as articulated by the ‘caucus’). This damaged Liberal Unionism irreparably, and the party failed to build a viable organizational machinery that could beat the Liberals at their own game. Yet this study of failure tells us much about attitudes toward representation and illustrates the importance of a grass-roots approach to a vital period in Welsh and British political history

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Historical Research article online

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policeLocal initiative, central oversight, provincial perspective: governing police forces in nineteenth-century Leeds by David Churchill

This article examines police administration as a branch of urban government, based on a case study of Leeds between 1815 and 1900. Making extensive use of local government and police records, it takes a longer-term view of ‘reform’ than most existing studies, and privileges the more routine aspects of everyday governance. It thus provides an original exploration of central-local government relations, as well as conflict and negotiation between distinct bodies of self-government within the locality. Previous studies have rightly emphasized that urban police governance was primarily a local responsibility, yet this article also stresses the influence of central state oversight and an extra-local, provincial perspective, both of which modified the grip of localism on nineteenth-century government.

Latest issue of Historical Research – Feb 2015 (vol. 88, no. 239)

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promenading2Articles

Intelligence and intrigue in the March of Wales: noblewomen and the fall of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, 1274–82. Emma Cavell

Famine is not the problem: a historical perspective. Cormac Ó Gráda

False traitors or worthy knights? Treason and rebellion against Edward II in the Scalacronica and the Anglo-Norman prose Brut chronicles. Andy King

Radical Geneva? The publication of Knox’s First Blast of the Trumpet and Goodman’s How Superior Powers Oght to be Obeyd in context. Charlotte Panofre

The rise of the promeneur: walking the city in eighteenth-century Paris. Laurent Turcot

Black people and the criminal justice system: prejudice and practice in later eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century London. Peter King and John Carter Wood

Moral economies and the cold chain. Susanne Freidberg

Eugenics, socialism and artificial insemination: the public career of Herbert Brewer. David Redvaldsen

Can we conquer unemployment? The Liberal party, public works and the 1931 political crisis. Peter Sloman

Notes and Documents

Lord Burghley’s ‘Ten precepts’ for his son, Robert Cecil: a new date and interpretation. Fred B. Tromly

New Historical Research articles online

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Through French eyes: Victorian cities in the eighteen-forties viewed by Léon Faucher by Philip Morey

This article examines the motivation, scope, findings and reception of the survey of London, Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds and Birmingham which the French journalist Léon Faucher published in Etudes sur l’Angleterre (1843–5). Sources include Faucher’s letters, the original and revised text, the English translator’s notes, and reviews in the British, French and German press. Faucher’s fieldwork led him to question liberal orthodoxy and propose remedies to alleviate working-class distress. Exceptionally in eighteen-forties Britain, the continental socio-economic treatise was widely discussed and acclaimed. Elucidating Faucher’s thought and setting it in context illuminates the contrast between him and other writers, particularly Friedrich Engels.

Religion, politics and patronage in the late Hanoverian navy, c.1780–c.1820 by Gareth Atkins

Sir Charles Middleton, Lord Barham (1726–1813), occupies a pivotal place in naval history. His evangelical religiosity is well known, but while considerable attention has been given to how this shaped his administrative reforms, his manipulation of patronage to promote his co-religionists has, until now, been ignored or brushed under the carpet. This article uses contemporary correspondence, diaries and printed works to reconstruct for the first time a powerful nexus that bound Pittite politicians to Wilberforce and his circle, one that spanned parliament, the church, naval administration and the seagoing officer corps. In doing so it throws new light on how evangelicals gained such a strong foothold in late Hanoverian public affairs.

An unrealized cult? Hagiography and Norman ducal genealogy in twelfth-century England by Ilya Afanasyev

This article traces the adoption and ideological uses of the image of the pious Norman dukes in four consecutive hagiographical texts written in twelfth-century England. While this is a well-known topos of the earlier Norman tradition, its reception in England has been neglected in the existing scholarship. The article also examines further evidence of an interest in pious Norman dukes under Henry II, focusing on the translation of the remains of Richard I and Richard II at Fécamp in Normandy in 1162 and discussing whether the dukes’ official cult could have been established. The conclusion situates the material in the general context of the development of the cults of lay rulers in twelfth-century Europe and sheds light on the interplay between hagiography, historical memory and politics at the time.

Historical Research – new online submissions system

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2BVRD00ZAnnouncing our new online submission process

As part of our continuing efforts to support both authors and reviewers, we are pleased to announce that  Historical Research has adopted an online submission and peer review system, ScholarOne Manuscripts. All new manuscript submissions should now be made at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/historicalresearch

We hope that authors and reviewers will find the new system convenient and we look forward to a streamlined review process, leading to quicker decision making and ensuring that the time from submission to publication is as short as possible.

New Historical Research article

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Jacobite_broadside_-_Jacobite_Uprising_1715

 

 

Now the mask is taken off’: Jacobitism and colonial New England, 1702–27 by David Parrish

Jacobitism has been shown to be an integral and enduring element of British culture, especially during the twenty-six years following the Revolution of 1688. Yet few attempts have been made to explore the impact or existence of Jacobitism in the British Atlantic world. This article locates and examines the presence of Jacobitism in the religious controversies and transatlantic print culture of colonial New England from 1702 to 1727 and draws tentative conclusions about the existence and significance of Jacobitism in the British Atlantic.

New virtual issue of Historical Research

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The Great War 1914-18

A new virtual issue commemorating the 100th anniversary of the First World War, including articles on Kitchener and that famous poster, war poetry and soldiers’ experiences and emotions.

Herbert Read and the fluid memory of the First World War: poetry, prose and polemic
Matthew S. Adams

The emotions in war: fear and the British and American military, 1914–45
Joanna Bourke

 

Conservative veteran M.P.s and the ‘lost generation’ narrative after the First World War
Richard Carr

Local heroes: war news and the construction of ‘community’ in Britain, 1914–18
Michael Finn

The Union of Democratic Control during the First World War
H. Hanak

The Vienna Diary of Berta de Bunsen, 28 June-17 August 1914
Christopher H. D. Howard

‘No mere silent commander’? Sir Henry Horne and the mentality of command during the First World War
David Monger

Germans in Britain During the First World War
Panikos Panayi

More than a great poster: Lord Kitchener and the image of the military hero
Keith Surridge

Imperialism first, the war second: the British, an Armenian legion, and deliberations on where to attack the Ottoman empire, November 1914–April 1915
Andrekos Varnava

Bereaved and aggrieved: combat motivation and the ideology of sacrifice in the First World War
Alexander Watson and Patrick Porter

Strange hells: a new approach on the Western Front
Ross Wilson

 

New issue of Historical Research

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Historical Research – November 2014 (vol. 87, no. 238)

HR

Contents:

Articles

Toward a historical dialectic of culinary styles (pages 581–590)

Ken Albala

Episcopal emotions: tears in the life of the medieval bishop (pages 591–610)

Katherine Harvey

Licit medicine or ‘Pythagorean necromancy’? The ‘Sphere of Life and Death’ in late medieval England (pages 611–632)

Joanne Edge

The Elizabethan succession question in Roger Edwardes’s ‘Castra Regia’ (1569) and ‘Cista Pacis Anglie’ (1576) (pages 633–654)

Victoria Smith

The harassment of Isaac Allen: puritanism, parochial politics and Prestwich’s troubles during the first English civil war (pages 655–678)

James Mawdesley

‘Britons, strike home’: politics, patriotism and popular song in British culture, c.1695–1900 (pages 679–702)

Martha Vandrei

‘The other boys of Kilmichael’: No. 2 Section, ‘C’ Company, Auxiliary Division Royal Irish Constabulary, 28 November 1920 (pages 703–722)

Andrew Nelson

‘For the freedom of captive European nations’: east European exiles in the Cold War (pages 723–741)

Martin Nekola

Notes and Documents

John of Oxnead, chronicler of St. Benet’s Holm (pages 742–743)

Julian Luxford

Robert Bale’s chronicle and the second battle of St. Albans (pages 744–750)

Hannes Kleineke

The Essex inquisitions of 1556: the Colchester certificate (pages 751–763)

P. R. Cavill

 

New Historical Research articles

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False traitors or worthy knights? Treason and rebellion against Edward II in the Scalacronica and the Anglo-Norman prose Brut chronicles by Andy King

This article examines three vernacular chronicles written from contrasting view-points: the Scalacronica of Sir Thomas Gray, whose father was linked with Edward II’s court, and the ‘Long’ and ‘Short’ continuations of the prose Brut, both markedly sympathetic towards Thomas of Lancaster, leader of the opposition to the king. This is a period which saw a sea change in the crown’s attitude towards rebellion, but the accounts of these chronicles suggest that a significant part of the political community did not accept the crown’s new definition of treason.

 

Radical Geneva? The publication of Knox’s First Blast of the Trumpet and Goodman’s How Superior Powers Oght to be Obeyd in context by Charlotte Panofre

John Knox’s First Blast and Christopher Goodman’s Superior Powers arguably represent two of the most radical pamphlets produced during the reign of Mary Tudor. Both texts were published in Geneva in early 1558 and attracted the displeasure not only of their authors’ fellow exiles, but also of Queen Elizabeth herself when she heard of their publication. Ever since, these pamphlets have been closely associated with the climate of radicalism which supposedly prevailed in Geneva under the aegis of Calvin. Yet, it is also clear from his writings that Calvin never went so far as to endorse any of the Marian exiles’ most controversial ideas. Rather, archival and bibliographical evidence suggests that it was the lively and highly competitive Genevan book trade, combined with inconsistent mechanisms of censorship and a system of monopolies favouring the wealthiest printing firms, which provided ideal conditions for the publication of these pamphlets.

New Historical Research article

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Flag_of_Comecon_svgThe creation of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance as seen from the Romanian archives by Elena Dragomir

This article presents documents from the archive of the central committee of the Romanian Communist party, recording the January 1949 Moscow conference that established the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (C.M.E.A.). It argues that the creation of the C.M.E.A. began as a Romanian initiative and presents the process by which the document constituting the C.M.E.A. was elaborated in early 1949. There is generally very little information on the creation of the C.M.E.A., so while it was not possible to use evidence from the Moscow archives, these findings, corroborated by studies involving sources from other communist archives, will help to create a better understanding of this event.

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